Castles and the Medieval World. Through out the ages and still even today , people have built protection around them: Stone Age people lived in caves and made defences to keep out wild animals. The first towns and cities had walls to keep out invaders Kings and nobles fortified their large homes to protect themselves.
Can you think of places today that have high walls or fences to help keep people out? The First Castles The first castles were built by the Normans The great age of castles began almost 1, years ago and lasted for nearly years.
What are Medieval Castles? A home was built on top for the lord who was in charge of the castle to live in with his family. This was called the keep, and a fence was built around it for extra protection. Because the keep was built so high, he could see far into the distance and was able to tell if enemies were coming. At the base of the motte was the bailey, which was like a little village — people who worked for the lord lived there, including tradespeople like blacksmiths.
A high fence was also built around the bailey. The motte and bailey were protected by deep ditch full of water all the way around it called a moat. You could only get into the bailey by crossing over the moat, so they built a bridge that could be lowered and raised depending on whether friends or enemies were trying to get in. This was called a drawbridge. Motte and bailey castles were first built with wood, and then replaced with stone keeps and walls because stone is a stronger material.
Many people lived at the castle — not just kings and nobles. Castles also had constables who looked after all the things that needed to be done to keep the castle running smoothly, like cooking all the meals, caring for the horses and cleaning up after everyone. The constable was like a manager, and he became in charge of the castle when the lord was away. One of the worst jobs at the castle was to be a gong farmer. Toilets, called garderobes, were built along the inside of the castle walls — everything just dropped down into the castle moat or into ditches called cesspits.
Gong farmers had to clean out the cesspits. They are narrow so that it was hard for the attacking archers to fire arrows back through them.
The lords and ladies held banquets in the Great Hall of the castle, and invited jesters and singers to perform for everyone. They could be very damp and cold, especially in the winter. Castles took a lot of planning to build.
Special stones would be cut from quarries and shaped for certain parts of the castle. The stones were put together using mortar as a kind of glue. Mortar was made from water, sand and lime, and was smeared in layers and cracks between stones — when the mortar dried, the stones would be kept firmly in place. The outer layers could be plastered over to give a nicer looking finish. All towers were first built square, with corners.
Even though castles were homes, their main purpose was to defend. After William the Conqueror and the Normans invaded England, they immediately set to work building motte and bailey castles — these gave everyone who lived inside a good way to defend themselves against enemy attackers, and they were built close enough together so people in one castle could warn people in another one quickly if they saw the enemy coming.
Mottes hills gave the castle lord a way to see far off into the distance from the security of his keep, so he could see exactly what the enemy was up to without having to leave the safety of the castle. New features were added such as round towers, layers of walls, and lots of places for soldiers to hide and surprise the enemy when they attacked.
Castles began to be less secure with the development of cannons powerful enough to damage castle walls in the 15th Century. When an enemy could destroy the castle walls by continually firing cannons at them, they could no longer protect their inhabitants. Most castle building had stopped by the 16th Century. Many castles fell into disuse and became ruins. Cannon balls travelled a lot faster than things thrown by a catapault or trebuchet and did a lot more damage.
The first castles were built by the Normans The great age of castles began almost 1, years ago and lasted for nearly years. The Normans introduced the first proper castles, starting with the wooden Motte and Bailey castles, to England following their victory at the Battle of Hastings in
A castles is a large strong building, built in the past by a ruler or important person to protect the people inside from attack. They were both a home and a fortress. What is the biggest castle in England? The biggest castle in England is Windsor Castle, one of the three homes of the Queen. It is.
The Normans built castles to help them defend the land they’d just conquered. They were built on hills so enemies could be seen coming from far away. William the Conqueror had some of England’s most famous castles built – these include Windsor Castle and the White Tower at the Tower of London. Born witches and wizards, the house mascot is the badger, there are a few paths and clearings. primary homework help castles inside terrorist attacks, several model trains have been made of the Hogwarts Express.
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